What is the ICD?

By David Joel Miller, MS, Licensed Therapist & Licensed Counselor.

What is

What is the ICD?
Photo courtesy of Pixabay.

International Classification of Diseases by the WHO.

The ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases, a compilation by the World Health Organization of the various diseases and disorders that might be diagnosed. The ICD has undergone a number of updates and revisions. Currently, we in the U. S. are using the ICD-10. The ICD-11 is expected to be available for implementation by October of 2018.

The ICD includes a large number of diseases that are outside the scope of practice of mental health professionals. In the U. S. mental health professionals are used to using the DSM (see the post on the DSM.) What tends to get overlooked is that while the descriptions in the DSM come from the APA (American Psychiatric Association) the numbers in the DSM are from the ICD. This resulted in the most recent DSM, the DSM-5 including two sets of numbers, those from the older ICD-9 and the newer numbers from the ICD-10.

Under the ICD-10 system, each specialty has a letter followed by numbers for each disease or disorder.

Using the new numbers all mental, emotional and behavioral disorders a counselor might expect to treat will begin with the letter F while the other life issues, like partner relational conflict, will all be prefaced with the letter Z. Beyond that, there are very few issues a counselor might treat.

The early ICD’s were mainly a list of causes of death prior to the issuance of the ICD-6. Starting with the ICD-6 in 1949 causes of illnesses were included along with causes of death.

By 1975 the WHO had reached version ICD-9 and in 1978 the ICD-9-CM (clinical modification.) The rest of the world adopted the ICD-10 in 1990 but the U. S. delayed adoption until October of 2015. Any treatment that is reimbursable under HIPAA covered insurance must use the ICD-10-CM.

The ICD-11 is expected to be released in 2018. When the U. S. will adopt the ICD-11, who will use it and what they will use it for remains to be seen.

FYI These “What is” sometimes “What are” posts are my efforts to explain terms commonly used in Mental Health, Clinical Counseling, Substance Use Disorder Counseling, Psychology, Life Coaching and related disciplines in a plain language way. Many are based on the new DSM-5; some of the older counselorssoapbox.com posts were based on the DSM-IV-TR, both published by the APA. For the more technical versions please consult the DSM or other appropriate references.

Staying connected with David Joel Miller

Two David Joel Miller Books are available now!

Bumps on the Road of Life. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, low motivation, or addiction, you can recover. Bumps on the Road of Life is the story of how people get off track and how to get your life out of the ditch.

Casino Robbery is a novel about a man with PTSD who must cope with his symptoms to solve a mystery and create a new life.

For these and my upcoming books; please visit my Amazon Author Page – David Joel Miller

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For more about David Joel Miller and my work in the areas of mental health, substance abuse, and Co-occurring disorders see my Facebook author’s page, davidjoelmillerwriter. A list of books I have read and can recommend is over at Recommended Books. If you are in the Fresno California area, information about my private practice is at counselorfresno.com.

Today is World Mental Health Day

By David Joel Miller, MS, Licensed Therapist & Licensed Counselor.

Mental Health or Mental Illness

Mental Health or Mental Illness?
Photo courtesy of Pixabay.com

Raising awareness of mental health issues.

Today is the official World Mental Health Day. Each year on October tenth a day is set aside to remind people about the importance of good Mental Health and Mental Wellness. World Mental Health Day is an initiative of the World Federation of Mental Health and is supported by WHO (World Health Organization.)

The theme for 2014 is “Living with schizophrenia”. Last year’s theme, 2013, was Mental Health and Older Adults.

In North America, Mental illness is the largest single health issue. Days of work lost and impairment in functioning as a result of mental illnesses exceeds the disability burden of both cardiovascular disease and cancer (WHO.)

Depression is the largest single cause of disability. The good news is that today the emphasis in the treatment of mental illness is on wellness and recovery. Many people who have had episodes of serious mental illnesses have gone on to have happy and productive lives.

Consider today how your life or the life of someone you know has been affected by a mental illness. What would it mean to you if you or someone close to you could recover from that condition? No one should have to face a mental illness alone. There is help available in many places. We hope that this day, World Mental Health Day will focus awareness on the need to do more to help those who are currently experiencing a mental illness.

Remember World Mental Health Day.

Staying connected with David Joel Miller

Two David Joel Miller Books are available now!

Bumps on the Road of Life. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, low motivation, or addiction, you can recover. Bumps on the Road of Life is the story of how people get off track and how to get your life out of the ditch.

Casino Robbery is a novel about a man with PTSD who must cope with his symptoms to solve a mystery and create a new life.

For these and my upcoming books; please visit my Amazon Author Page – David Joel Miller

Want the latest blog posts as they publish? Subscribe to this blog.

Want the latest on news from recoveryland, the field of counseling, my writing projects, speaking and teaching? Please sign up for my newsletter at – Newsletter. I promise not to share your email or to send you spam, and you can unsubscribe at any time.

For more about David Joel Miller and my work in the areas of mental health, substance abuse, and Co-occurring disorders see my Facebook author’s page, davidjoelmillerwriter. A list of books I have read and can recommend is over at Recommended Books. If you are in the Fresno California area, information about my private practice is at counselorfresno.com.